CVE-2024-3400: PAN-OS Command Injection Vulnerability in GlobalProtect Gateway. Learn More

CVE-2024-3400: PAN-OS Command Injection Vulnerability in GlobalProtect Gateway. Learn More

Managed Detection & Response

Eliminate active threats with 24/7 threat detection, investigation, and response.

Co-Managed SOC (SIEM)

Maximize your SIEM investment, stop alert fatigue, and enhance your team with hybrid security operations support.

Advisory & Diagnostics

Advance your cybersecurity program and get expert guidance where you need it most.

Penetration Testing

Test your physical locations and IT infrastructure to shore up weaknesses before exploitation.

Database Security

Prevent unauthorized access and exceed compliance requirements.

Email Security

Stop email threats others miss and secure your organization against the #1 ransomware attack vector.

Digital Forensics & Incident Response

Prepare for the inevitable with 24/7 global breach response in-region and available on-site.

Firewall & Technology Management

Mitigate risk of a cyberattack with 24/7 incident and health monitoring and the latest threat intelligence.

Offensive Security
Solutions to maximize your security ROI
Microsoft Exchange Server Attacks
Stay protected against emerging threats
Rapidly Secure New Environments
Security for rapid response situations
Securing the Cloud
Safely navigate and stay protected
Securing the IoT Landscape
Test, monitor and secure network objects
Why Trustwave
About Us
Awards and Accolades
Trustwave SpiderLabs Team
Trustwave Fusion Security Operations Platform
Trustwave Security Colony
Technology Alliance Partners
Key alliances who align and support our ecosystem of security offerings
Trustwave PartnerOne Program
Join forces with Trustwave to protect against the most advance cybersecurity threats
SpiderLabs Blog

Cybersecurity Documentation Essentials

This is Part 3 in my ongoing project to cover 30 cybersecurity topics in 30 weekly blog posts.

Creating documentation for anything is perhaps the least interesting job any employee has, but there are plenty of good reasons to do it. Let’s discuss the whys and hows of effective cybersecurity documentation.


The Benefits of Having Good Documentation

For Communication

As a communication tool, we need documentation to share our knowledge with others. The worst thing that can happen is you have a brainiac who knows everything but shares nothing and one day decides to leave your company with no documentation left behind.

For Projects

In addition, when we work with other business groups or outsiders like consultants, good documentation saves a lot of time and money getting them started on a project. Good documentation can even provide a ‘contractual foundation’ to the scope of a project, holding team leaders accountable for the written details provided.

For Operations

Processes and Procedures in Cybersecurity are critical. Just like for the system operations teams, security operations must know what to do when a security incident occurs. Having detailed and well-rehearsed incident response processes and procedures are critical.

For Compliance

When a security audit occurs (and for many organizations, this is a certainty), one of the first questions will be to see your processes and procedures.


Quick Tips On Scoping Documentation for Architecture, Operations, and Compliance

Architecture Docs: Start with Frameworks

Find one or more security frameworks that are relative to your needs.

An example is the Microsoft Well-Architected Framework. This site provides both detailed documentation and wizard-guided assessments to help develop both an architecture framework as well as the associated documentation for that architecture. This framework provides several checklists for key 'pillars' of architecture relative to Azure and the on-prem environment. Topics include:

  • Reliability
  • Security
  • Cost Optimization
  • Operational Excellence
  • Performance Efficiency 


If you follow some form of compliance controls, then benchmarks may provide a structure that will guide your documentation needs. The Microsoft Cloud Security Benchmark contains hundreds of controls that can be mapped to other controls, such as NIST and CIS. All these guides provide clarity on operational processes and procedures.


Some security vendors provide access to resources for templates, checklists, and documentation that can make your documentation process much easier. Trustwave provides the Security Colony portal for contracted customers. More examples include the policies and procedures at CIO.GOV and StateRAMP.

A Hybrid Approach to Security Documentation

Auditing, Architecture, and Security Operations documentation don’t necessarily have to be built in silos, and often there are great benefits to understanding the relationships between the three. Consider mapping out the relationships between your frameworks, compliance, and operational needs. In many cases, a manually generated document is unnecessary because an operational technology is available to perform the action. For example, a SIEM may generate some reports needed for compliance, which include all the required processes and procedures as part of the output.



Using frameworks and benchmarks provided by vendors and regulation branches can be a good approach to compiling your security architecture and documentation needs. Understanding the relationships between security architecture, compliance and operations can give us a better understanding to where documents are needed, or a technology is the requirement.


About This Blog Series

Follow the full series here: Building Defenses with Modern Security Solutions

This series discusses a list of key cybersecurity defense topics. The full collection of posts and labs can be used as an educational tool for implementing cybersecurity defenses.


For quick walkthrough labs on the topics in this blog series, check out the story of “ZPM Incorporated” and their steps to implementing all the solutions discussed here.


All topics mentioned in this series have been mapped to several compliance controls here.

David Broggy, Trustwave’s Senior Solutions Architect, Implementation Services, was selected last year for Microsoft's Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Award.


Operational Technology Security Maturity Diagnostic


Latest SpiderLabs Blogs

EDR – The Multi-Tool of Security Defenses

This is Part 8 in my ongoing project to cover 30 cybersecurity topics in 30 weekly blog posts. The full series can be found here.

Read More

The Invisible Battleground: Essentials of EASM

Know your enemy – inside and out. External Attack Surface Management tools are an effective way to understand externally facing threats and help plan cyber defenses accordingly. Let’s discuss what...

Read More

Fake Dialog Boxes to Make Malware More Convincing

Let’s explore how SpiderLabs created and incorporated user prompts, specifically Windows dialog boxes into its malware loader to make it more convincing to phishing targets during a Red Team...

Read More