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SpiderLabs Blog

Attracting more than a half-million annual readers, this is the security community's go-to destination for technical breakdowns of the latest threats, critical vulnerability disclosures and cutting-edge research.

Going Mobile: BEC Attacks Are Moving Beyond Email

Recently, we’ve noticed an increase in user reports of SMS-based Business Email Compromise (BEC) messages. This seems to be part of a wider trend as phishing scams via text messages surge.

Trojanized OneNote Document Leads to Formbook Malware

Cybercriminals have long used Microsoft documents to pass along malware and they are always experimenting with new ways to deliver malicious packages. As defenders, Trustwave SpiderLabs’ researchers are always looking out for new or unusual file types, and through this ongoing research, we uncovered threat actors using a OneNote document to move Formbook malware, an information stealing trojan sold on an underground hacking forum since mid-2016 as malware-as-a-service. Formbook malware can steal data from various web browsers and from other applications. This malware also has keylogging functionality and can take screenshots.

‘Tis the Season for Online Shopping and Phishing Scams

The 2022 holiday shopping season is here. Retailers’ discounts are kicking off early, and shoppers are eager to spend, especially with big price markdowns to come as the season progresses. And with the COVID-19 pandemic still a concern to shoppers, more people are expected to shop online this season.

Bypassing 2FA Authentication with Evilginx2

Due to the increasing number of cyberattacks, particularly zero days, organizations are scrambling to obtain the best security services available. While even the smallest organization might feel that implementing Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) will keep its data secure, a targeted attack from a nefarious threat actor could lure an employee into clicking and opening a malicious document.

Automating RDS Security Via Boto3 (AWS API)

When it comes to security in AWS, there is the shared responsibility model for AWS services, which is divided into AWS responsibility ‘security of the cloud’ and customer responsibility ‘security in the cloud’. For more detail on this please check the shared-responsibility-model.

Development of the Ukrainian Cyber Counter-Offensive

Russia’s military incursion against Ukraine began on February 24, 2022, with a massive ground attack supported by several cyber incidents. This activity set the stage for what would become an active hybrid war fought in two domains: cyber and ground warfare.

Insta-Phish-A-Gram

Following Trustwave SpiderLabs’ blog on social media-themed phishing on Facebook, comes another flavor of ‘infringement’ phishing. In this case, the targets, still under the umbrella of Meta, are Instagram users.

Archive Sidestepping: Self-Unlocking Password-Protected RAR

Trustwave SpiderLabs’ spam traps have identified an increase in threats packaged in password-protected archives with about 96% of these being spammed by the Emotet Botnet. In the first half of 2022, we identified password-protected ZIP files as the third most popular archive format used by cybercriminals to conceal malware.

ModSecurity Request Body Parsing: Recent Bypass Issues

ModSecurity is an open-source web application firewall (WAF) engine maintained by Trustwave. This blog post discusses multiple input interpretation weaknesses in the ModSecurity project. Each input interpretation weakness could allow a malicious actor to evade some ModSecurity rules.

HTML File Attachments: Still A Threat

This past month, Trustwave SpiderLabs observed that HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) file attachments had become a common occurrence in our spam traps, which is not unusual since malware is often delivered through Phishing spam. For the past 30 days, SpiderLabs has found the combination of .HTML (11.39%) and .HTM (2.7%) files are our second most spammed file attachment, totalling 14.09%, followed by .EXE files at 12.84%.

Retaliation by the Pro-Russian Group KillNet

At the beginning of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, KillNet - a Russian cybergang - began actively collecting open-source intelligence (OSINT), which drew interest from various threat actor groups. Heightened interest in the OSINT data led to additional actors joining KillNet, growing its membership to include not only Russian cyber criminals, but uniting other cyber gangs sympathetic to Russia.

2022 Trustwave SpiderLabs Telemetry Report

As organizations go about their regular routine of finding and adding new technologies to help increase their overall success, each organization must keep in mind the security implications of each move, along with the fact that much of their current technology stack has to be maintained with a well-thought out and quickly implemented patching program.

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