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SpiderLabs Blog

Attracting more than a half-million annual readers, this is the security community's go-to destination for technical breakdowns of the latest threats, critical vulnerability disclosures and cutting-edge research.

CVE-2019-15652: SatLink VSAT Vulnerabilities

Back in May of this year, I discovered a few vulnerabilities in the SatLink 2000 VSAT modem, which affected other models as well. This VSAT modem was vulnerable to reflected cross-site scripting, and it only supported insecure protocols for management.

Fake Windows Update Spam Leads to Cyborg Ransomware and Its Builder

Recently, fake Microsoft Windows Update emails were spammed. The email, claiming to be from Microsoft, contains just one sentence in its email body which starts with two capital letters. It directs the recipient’s attention to the attachment as the “latest critical update”.

A Call for Cooler Heads

One of the unfortunate parts of a business like ours is when disputes arise from penetration testing engagements, as has happened in Dallas County, Iowa. As we do thousands of tests in a year globally, while rare, they do happen.

Double Loaded Zip File Delivers Nanocore

Most malware sent via emails is packaged in archives such as ZIP, RAR, and 7z (7-Zip). Occasionally, we encounter some clever and creative ways these malicious archives are crafted. Here we will examine an example of an oddly formatted ZIP archive hiding the NanoCore malware.

Windows Debugging & Exploiting Part 1 - Environment Setup

In this blog series, I will try to set some base knowledge for Windows system debugging & exploitation and present how to setup an environment for remote kernel debugging. This environment will be useful for learning Windows internals and indispensable for our future posts about its exploitation. About Windows internals, I really recommend the training from Pavel Yosifovich on Pluralsight that will expand your familiarity with the system if you are new to the topic.

Messing with Azorult Part 2: Command and Control

As we mentioned in our earlier blog, Azorult is very popular in the underground hacking forum. Fairly easily, we were able to obtain and download the control panel and builder. We set up the control panel in our lab and redirected our sample bot command and control server to our web server. The control panel is written entirely in PHP and uses MySQL as its database.

Messing with Azorult Part 1: Malware Breakdown

In this blog series, we dive into an information stealing Trojan called Azorult that we analysed during a recent Digital Forensics and Incident Response (DFIR) investigation. During our analysis, we also take a look at the bot’s control panel and its vulnerability.

Patch Tuesday, October 2019

Microsoft’s security update for the month of October is one of the lightest patch Tuesdays of the year with the release of only 60 CVEs. However, it still packs a punch with 9 “Critical” CVEs and the remaining 51 CVEs are rated as “Important”. The good news is that none of these CVEs have publicly available exploits or been seen yet exploited in the wild.  Additionally, there are no rollup patch for Adobe Flash which is very uncommon. However, it shouldn’t be ruled out possibly an out-of-band roll-out for Adobe Flash later this month.

Chaining Low/Info Level Vulnerabilities for Pwnage

Early in my career, I got the fear put in me. The fear that a machine would take my job. The fear that I would be replaced by a piece of software. It’s been a serious source of motivation for me and one of the big reasons I was attracted to penetration testing: done well, it’s hard for a machine to replicate. One of the best examples of this is the chained-vulnerability

Documents with IRM Password Protection Lead to Remcos RAT

Documents attached to emails are commonly used as the initial vector to deliver malware into a system. To give an impression of security, attackers sometimes use document protection features and technology to hide their malicious code and behavior from email scanners.

Digital Canaries in a Coal Mine: Detecting Enumeration with DNS and AD

A fundamental part of any network is the Domain Name Service (DNS). Adversaries will likely want to enumerate computers in Active Directory and connect to them, and at some point, they will likely interact with DNS doing so. A simple example is attempting to access a remote share and the resulting DNS query.

Tracking the Chameleon Spam Campaign

In this blog, we draw attention to a persistent high-volume spam campaign that has been very prominent in our spam traps recently. The various campaigns emanate from the same spam botnet system and often resemble phishing messages, although they are typically not. The messages have randomized headers, and the templates often change, hence the moniker ‘Chameleon.’

Microsoft Internet Explorer Remote Code Execution 0-Day (CVE-2019-1367)

Microsoft released an out-of-band patch for a 0-day vulnerability in Internet Explorer yesterday. This memory corruption vulnerability in the Scripting Engine can lead to a Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerability, and, as implied by the fact that it’s a 0-day, is being exploited in-the-wild.

Getting Started With Azure DevOps

Recently, I set out to find a simple solution to manage the building of all my offensive C# tools in a central location. The main goal I had for this project was to find a solution that didn’t require a ton of infrastructure to set up. I quickly came across the Azure DevOps platform. It didn’t take long for me to build a pipeline from my GitHub repository and compile my first binary.

Multiple Vulnerabilities in Comba and D-Link Routers

There are five new credential leaking vulnerabilities discovered and disclosed by Simon Kenin. Two are in a D-Link DSL modem typically installed to connect a home network to an ISP. The other three are in multiple Comba Telecom WiFi devices. All the vulnerabilities involve insecure storage of credentials including three where cleartext credentials available to any user with network access to the device.

Patch Tuesday, September 2019

For September 2019, Microsoft is releasing 78 CVEs. Of these CVEs, 17 are rated "Critical", 60 rated "Important", and one rated "Moderate". Additionally, this release includes the regular rollup patch for critical vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash, but you're no longer using Flash right?

Lord EK: A New Exploit Kit with an Ambitious Name

After a bit of a lull in the world of exploit kits, a new exploit kit by the name of “Lord EK” has been discovered out in the wild. This blog post will give an overview of what’s already been talked about as well as add some insights that I believe have not yet been shared publicly and provide Trustwave customers with some additional information for relevant products.

Digging Deep into Magecart Malware Part II

Magecart is the name given to notorious groups of hackers that target online shopping carts, usually Magento. We provided an overview of the group's malware last year and earlier this year, we shared details of a specific Magecart malware case we encountered during the course of an investigation. In this second installment of “Digging Deep into Magecart Malware”, we highlight a couple more Magecart attacks that we encountered during investigations.

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