Trustwave SpiderLabs Uncovers Ov3r_Stealer Malware Spread via Phishing and Facebook Advertising. Learn More

Trustwave SpiderLabs Uncovers Ov3r_Stealer Malware Spread via Phishing and Facebook Advertising. Learn More

Services
Capture
Managed Detection & Response

Eliminate active threats with 24/7 threat detection, investigation, and response.

twi-managed-portal-color
Co-Managed SOC (SIEM)

Maximize your SIEM investment, stop alert fatigue, and enhance your team with hybrid security operations support.

twi-briefcase-color-svg
Advisory & Diagnostics

Advance your cybersecurity program and get expert guidance where you need it most.

tw-laptop-data
Penetration Testing

Test your physical locations and IT infrastructure to shore up weaknesses before exploitation.

twi-database-color-svg
Database Security

Prevent unauthorized access and exceed compliance requirements.

twi-email-color-svg
Email Security

Stop email threats others miss and secure your organization against the #1 ransomware attack vector.

tw-officer
Digital Forensics & Incident Response

Prepare for the inevitable with 24/7 global breach response in-region and available on-site.

tw-network
Firewall & Technology Management

Mitigate risk of a cyberattack with 24/7 incident and health monitoring and the latest threat intelligence.

Solutions
BY TOPIC
Microsoft Exchange Server Attacks
Stay protected against emerging threats
Rapidly Secure New Environments
Security for rapid response situations
Securing the Cloud
Safely navigate and stay protected
Securing the IoT Landscape
Test, monitor and secure network objects
Why Trustwave
About Us
Awards and Accolades
Trustwave SpiderLabs Team
Trustwave Fusion Security Operations Platform
Trustwave Security Colony
Partners
Technology Alliance Partners
Key alliances who align and support our ecosystem of security offerings
Trustwave PartnerOne Program
Join forces with Trustwave to protect against the most advance cybersecurity threats
SpiderLabs Blog

Portable Web Application Firewall Rule Format News

As some of you may know, I've been working on the portable web application firewall (WAF) rule format for ages. I really believe the concept has potential so I keep coming back to it, making it a little bit better on every visit. At the same time I am closely listening to the WAF market, hoping to jump in with the format just at the right time. Although I can (and will) implement the format in ModSecurity, what I really want is to get as many WAF vendors on board to support the format. That may not be the easiest thing to do so the timing is of real importance.

The idea behind the project is to design a portable WAF rule format capable of "fixing" the known security issues in web applications. While the only proper solution is always to fix the root cause of a security issue, we must acknowledge that the fix can not be implemented straight away (for all sorts of reasons, some legal, some technical, some practical). It is all about minimising the window of opportunity - we want to be able to prevent exploitation of a vulnerability practically as soon as it is discovered.

There are four usage scenarious (I am using the term recipe to refer to a unit of knowledge that contains enough information to prevent vulnerability from being exploited):

  1. Vendor-provided recipes; While vendors may very well provide prompt upgrades and patches, not everyone can upgrade swiftly. Vendors may come to recognise this and decide to release protection recipes at the same time with the upgrades.
  2. Third-party recipes; Providing there is strong demand, third-parties may decide to offer protection recipes, for free or for a fee.
  3. Recipes written by hand; Larger environments may have many different brands of protection devices on their networks. Promoting a single format would enable knowledge to be shared in such environments.
  4. Automated recipe generation; It is sometimes not feasible nor practical to manually assess security in web applications. It is possible to get assessment tools to talk directly to protection devices. A web vulnerability scanner that discovers a problem is likely to know enough about it to be able to create a recipe as a temporary measure. Such recipe could be installed manually, or after it is review by the system administrator or the application developer.

Several big improvements were made to the format in the last iteration:

  • Specification formalised; Unlike before, when one had to rely on my notes to understand the specifics of the project, this time you will be presented with a formal specification (in draft, of course). The specification explains the motivation behind the effort and the technical aspects.
  • Metadata included; The format was expanded to include recipe metadata. While the metadata is not very important for those who write recipes by hand, it is very important to allow for automation.
  • Communication protocols added; A whole new section was added introducing recipe publishing, repositories, and the corresponding communication protocols.

To conclude, the project is now close to its first official release. Allowing some time for feedback from the interested parties, in the next step a "release candidate" specification will be released at the same time as the Java-based reference implementation.

Latest SpiderLabs Blogs

Welcome to Adventures in Cybersecurity: The Defender Series

I’m happy to say I’m done chasing Microsoft certifications (AZ104/AZ500/SC100), and as a result, I’ve had the time to put some effort into a blog series that hopefully will entertain and inform you...

Read More

Trustwave SpiderLabs: Insights and Solutions to Defend Educational Institutions Against Cyber Threats

Security teams responsible for defending educational institutions at higher education and primary school levels often find themselves facing harsh lessons from threat actors who exploit the numerous...

Read More

Breakdown of Tycoon Phishing-as-a-Service System

Just weeks after Trustwave SpiderLabs reported on the Greatness phishing-as-a-service (PaaS) framework, SpiderLabs’ Email Security team is tracking another PaaS called Tycoon Group.

Read More