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Database Security Knowledgebase Update 6.09

Trustwave Database Security Knowledgebase (ShatterKB) 6.09 is now available. It introduces new checks for MariaDB, MySQL, Percona for MySQL, and PostgreSQL. It also brings updates to compliance policies and a new for policy DISA STIG MySQL 8.0 V1R1.

New Vulnerability and Configuration Check Highlights

MariaDB

 

CREATE ROUTINE privileges granted

Check whether the CREATE ROUTINE privilege has been granted to users.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure that the certification authority is correct and authorized

Verify that the certificate issuer of the server-cert.pem file is issued by an approved Certificate Authority.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure the use of valid DoD approved PKI certificates

Verify the certificates to ensure that they are DoD approved for each user and verify the usage of the certificate revocation list file.

Risk: Medium

 

Maximum number of concurrent sessions

Verify that user accounts have a limit of the maximum number of concurrent sessions.

Risk: Medium

 

Users with administrative audit privileges

List users with rights to administrative access for auditing.

Risk: Medium

 

MySQL

 

CREATE ROUTINE privileges granted

Check whether the CREATE ROUTINE privilege has been granted to users.

Risk: Medium

 

Discretionary access control over defined objects

Verify that permissions on database objects are configured correctly.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit directory has appropriate permissions and ownership

Verify that the MySQL audit directory has the appropriate permissions and ownership.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit_log plugin is enabled

Verify that the audit_log plugin is enabled.

Risk: Low

 

Ensure audit_log_encryption is set appropriately

Verify that the Audit plugin variable audit_log_encryption is set to 'AES'.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit_log_filter includes event objects to be audited

Verify that the Audit plugin table audit_log_filter contains events that are will be actively monitored.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit_log_user includes users to be audited

Verify that the Audit table audit_log_user contains users to be monitored.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure MySQL Firewall is in use

Verifies that the MySQL Firewall is installed and set in a proper mode.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure software modules have the appropriate privileges

Verify that the modules' DEFINER account is documented and authorized.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure SSL FIPS Mode is enabled

Verify that the MySQL variable "ssl_fips_mode" is set to "ON" or "STRICT".

Risk: High

 

Ensure that the certification authority is correct and authorized

Verify that the certificate issuer of the server-cert.pem file is issued by an approved Certificate Authority.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure the audit plugin loads automatically upon startup

Verify that the MySQL audit plugin variables 'plugin-load-add' and 'audit-log' are defined in the my.cnf file.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure the permissions on config files are correct

Verify that the permissions of the MySQL config files (my.cnf and mysqld-auto.cnf) are correct.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure the use of valid DoD approved PKI certificates

Verify the certificates to ensure that they are DoD approved for each user and verify the usage of the certificate revocation list file.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure there is adequate storage for audit logs

Verify that there is enough space on the disk for future audit log file creation.

Risk: Medium

 

Maximum number of concurrent sessions

Verify that user accounts have a limit of the maximum number of concurrent sessions.

Risk: Medium

 

Permissions on plugins

List users with rights to install or uninstall plugins.

Risk: Medium

 

Protecting audit features from unauthorized access

Verify that appropriate permissions are set for 'AUDIT_ADMIN' for database users.

Risk: Medium

 

Protecting the integrity of information at rest

Verify that certain global variables are set correctly to secure information at rest.

Risk: High

 

Unused database plugins and components must be removed

Verify that all installed plugins and components fall in line with organizational operations.

Risk: Medium

 

Users with administrative audit privileges

List users with rights to administrative access for auditing.

Risk: Medium

 

Percona for MySQL

 

CREATE ROUTINE privileges granted

Check whether the CREATE ROUTINE privilege has been granted to users.

Risk: Medium

 

Discretionary access control over defined objects

Verify that permissions on database objects are configured correctly.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit directory has appropriate permissions and ownership

Verify that the Percona Server for MySQL audit directory has the appropriate permissions and ownership.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure audit_log plugin is enabled

Verify that the audit_log plugin is enabled.

Risk: Low

 

Ensure SSL FIPS Mode is enabled

Verify that the Percona Server for MySQL variable "ssl_fips_mode" is set to "ON" or "STRICT".

Risk: High

 

Ensure that the certification authority is correct and authorized

Verify that the certificate issuer of the server-cert.pem file is issued by an approved Certificate Authority.

Risk: Medium

 

Ensure the use of valid DoD approved PKI certificates

Verify the certificates to ensure that they are DoD approved for each user and verify the usage of the certificate revocation list file.

Risk: Medium

 

Maximum number of concurrent sessions

Verify that user accounts have a limit of the maximum number of concurrent sessions.

Risk: Medium

 

Users with administrative audit privileges

List users with rights to administrative access for auditing.

Risk: Medium

 

PostgreSQL

 

Vulnerability in PostgreSQL core server - CVE-2021-32027

Check version to determine if the database contains vulnerability described by CVE-2021-32027.

Risk: Medium

 

Vulnerability in PostgreSQL core server - CVE-2021-32028

Check version to determine if the database contains vulnerability described by CVE-2021-32028.

Risk: Medium

 

Vulnerability in PostgreSQL core server - CVE-2021-32029

Check version to determine if the database contains vulnerability described by CVE-2021-32029.

Risk: Medium

 

New Policies

DISA-STIG MySQL 8.0 V1R1 Audit (Built-In)

This policy has been created with the guidelines mapped out in the DOD Security Technical Implementation Guides "Oracle MySQL 8.0 Security Technical Implementation Guide Version 1 Release 1".

 

Updated Policies

  • Full list of policy updates is available in the readme file located in the support portal

Availability

  • Available to all AppDetectivePRO and DbProtect customers with maintenance (subscription or perpetual) in good standing at no additional cost.
  • AppDetectivePRO customers can use the Updater within the product as well

Latest Software Updates

Web Application Security – ModSecurity Commercial Rules, Update for January 2024

Overview for rules released by Trustwave SpiderLabs in January for ModSecurity Commercial Rules package. The rules are available for versions 2.9.x and 3.x of ModSecurity.

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Web Application Security – ModSecurity Commercial Rules, Update for December 2023

Overview for rules released by Trustwave SpiderLabs in December for ModSecurity Commercial Rules package. The rules are available for versions 2.9.x and 3.x of ModSecurity.

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Trustwave Transfers ModSecurity Custodianship to the Open Worldwide Application Security Project (OWASP)

After serving as its steward for over a decade, Trustwave has agreed to transfer the reins of the renowned open-source web application firewall (WAF) engine, ModSecurity, to the Open Worldwide...

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